His severed head was left on display at the confluence of Wheeling Creek and the Ohio River. Later, Christopher Gist and even George Washington surveyed the land in and , respectively. During the fall of , Ebenezer Zane explored the Wheeling area and established claim to the land via "tomahawk rights" a process of deadening a few trees near the head of a spring, and marking the bark with the initials of the name of the person who made the claim.
He returned the following spring with his wife, Elizabeth, and his younger brothers, Jonathan and Silas, and established the first permanent settlement in the Wheeling area. The settlement was called Zanesburg. In , Ebenezer Zane divided the town into lots, and Wheeling was officially established as a town in by legislative enactment.
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The town was incorporated January 16, On March 11, , the town of Wheeling was incorporated into the city of Wheeling. The native force subsequently burned the surrounding cabins and destroyed livestock. McColloch was separated from his men and was chased by attacking Indians. In , a native army along with some British soldiers attempted to take Fort Henry. During this siege, Fort Henry's supply of ammunition was exhausted. The defenders decided to dispatch one of its men to secure more ammunition from the Zane homestead.
Betty Zane volunteered for the dangerous task. During her departing run, she was heckled by both native and British soldiers. Upon successfully reaching the Zane homestead, she gathered a table cloth and filled it with gunpowder. During her return, she was fired upon but was uninjured. It is believed that one bullet did, in fact, pierce her clothing.
As a result of Zane's heroism, Fort Henry remained in American control. An industrial or mercantile middle-class developed that either felt disinterest or hostility to slavery and the Wheeling Intelligencer paper represented anti-secession sentiment. This led to the city being a good place for the separation of the state from Virginia at the aforementioned Wheeling Convention. Another element that influenced anti-slavery or anti-secession sentiment in the city was the growing German population.
The Germans of Wheeling organized the "First West Virginia Artillery" to oppose the Confederacy and played a role in the initial movement of separating the state from Virginia.
Although it permanently lost its place as capital in , Wheeling continued to grow after that. In the late nineteenth century it served as a prime industrial center for the state.
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Noted business of the era included the Bloch Brothers Tobacco Company and steel concerns. According to the United States Census Bureau , the city has a total area of Wheeling is located in northern West Virginia , on what is known as the northern panhandle. Wheeling Creek flows through the city, and meets the Ohio River in downtown Wheeling. The city is located both on the West Virginia side of the Ohio River and on an island in the middle of the river called Wheeling Island. As of the census [ 2 ] of , there were 31, people, 13, households, and 7, families residing in the city.
The population density was 2, There were 15, housing units at an average density of 1, The racial makeup of the city was Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0. There were 13, households out of which The average household size was 2. In the city the population was spread out with The median age was 42 years. For every females there were For every females age 18 and over, there were About The elected mayor presides over meetings of the Wheeling City Council, which has six members elected from geographic wards.
City Council members serve four-year terms. The City Council also confirms executive nominations for members to various boards which have limited regulatory authority including the Planning Commission, the Board of Zoning Appeals, and the Traffic Commission. City elections will be held again in The city of Wheeling has a rich and varied history.
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The City Council also confirms executive nominations for members to various boards which have limited regulatory authority, including the Planning Commission, the Board of Zoning Appeals, and the Traffic Commission. City elections will be held again on May 12, The city of Wheeling has a rich and varied history.
West Virginia Independence Hall was the site of the Wheeling Convention , two meetings held in that ultimately reversed Virginia's Ordinance of Secession. Twenty-six counties in Virginia's north and west voted against secession from the Union and created the new state of West Virginia, which the United States quickly admitted.
Later in and continuing to , the building was the site of many heated debates during the First Constitutional Convention of West Virginia  including the name of the new state. Wheeling is home to Centre Market, formerly Wheeling's market house. Built in ,  the market house and the surrounding area have been adapted for use as retail shops and restaurants.
The first official memorial monument in the state of West Virginia, dedicated specifically to men killed in the Vietnam War , was dedicated in Wheeling, with full military honors, in a Memorial Day ceremony. The monument was erected in front of the flagpole near the main shelter of Bethlehem Community Park in the village of Bethlehem, just southeast of Wheeling.
Below the dedication plaque is a bronze map of South Vietnam, complete with names of 28 major cities. Ohio County has six golf courses, including designs by renowned golfer Arnold Palmer and architect Robert Trent Jones. The Wheeling Suspension Bridge , which was once the longest suspension bridge in the world, connects downtown Wheeling to Wheeling Island.
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In October the City of Wheeling opened the state's first concrete skateboard park. An addition to the street section of the park was completed by Grindline in November A covered shelter, restrooms, and webcam are scheduled to be installed in early As elsewhere in West Virginia, K—12 schools are organized at the county level of government. The public school system, Ohio County Schools, consists of 14 schools: nine elementary schools, four middle schools, which include Triadelphia Middle which has been nominated for the blue ribbon school award; and the nationally recognized Wheeling Park High School.
Several parochial and private schools , including Wheeling Central Catholic High School and the Linsly School , are located in the city. Wheeling is the hub of higher education in the Northern Panhandle of West Virginia. Wheeling Jesuit University , a private Jesuit university and the only Catholic college in the state of West Virginia, is located here. The main campus of West Virginia Northern Community College has recently been expanding with centers in downtown Wheeling; it focuses on job training and community development.
Also located in close proximity to the city are West Liberty University formerly West Liberty State College , a four-year university , and private Bethany College , giving area residents a wide variety of educational options. Wheeling has a long tradition of live musical performance and radio broadcasting. Opened in , The Capitol was home to It's Wheeling Steel , a popular radio program in the early '40s featuring musical performances by workers at a local steel plant.
King and Black Sabbath. The Wheeling Symphony Orchestra is housed at the Capitol Theatre and performs a range of contemporary, classical, and seasonal arrangements. Wheeling is also home to the Victoria Theater , the oldest theater in West Virginia. More recently, it has been the site for the "Wheeling Jamboree", a local initiative started in and modeled after the original WWVA Jamboree which changed its name in the s to Jamboree U.
The original WWVA Jamboree ran from —, making it the second longest running country radio program and a variety show in the country after the " Grand Ole Opry " in Nashville, Tennessee. Live music emanates from the amphitheatre at the Wheeling Heritage Port several nights per week from mid-Spring through late-Fall. The waterfront park area hosts numerous festivals, concerts, movie nights, celebrations, a regatta and numerous visits from the Delta , Mississippi and American Queen riverboats.
The Port holds over 8, spectators and has become a city focal point. Fans of theater have several options in Wheeling. The Capitol Theatre hosts numerous touring musical performances. Wheeling, known as Nail City, is home to the Wheeling Nailers hockey team. Formerly home to the Ohio Valley Greyhounds , Wheeling became home to a second team in Wheeling University and West Liberty are both charter members of the new conference, an offshoot of the disbanding West Virginia Intercollegiate Athletic Conference.
Formerly known as Wheeling Downs, the facility features live greyhound racing, slots , poker games, and casino-style table games. In accordance with House Bill ,  adopted on March 8, , Ohio County and Jefferson County held special elections on June 9, , to approve the legalization of table games within the respective counties. The Ohio County measure passed, but the Jefferson County one failed.
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A similar measure was successfully adopted in Hancock County on June 30, Due to its proximity to Pittsburgh , Wheeling is heavily influenced by that city's broadcast media outlets, which are easily received in the area. Cable television provider Comcast serves the city, parts of which Centre TV also services. Pittsburgh's radio stations provide Wheeling with coverage. Wheeling also has a student-run radio station, WPHP The Intelligencer is published weekday mornings and Saturdays, while the News-Register is published weekday afternoons and Sundays.
In Wheeling magazine is published quarterly and covers society and events in the city. Interstate 70 and its spur Interstate run through the city east-west and link it with suburban Pittsburgh , Pennsylvania to the east and Ohio to the west. Route also runs through the city. The historic Wheeling Suspension Bridge , completed in , which was part of National Road, now carries cars and light trucks as well as pedestrian traffic between downtown and Wheeling Island.
I passes under Wheeling Hill through the Wheeling Tunnel.
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Bus transportation to points throughout North America is available from Wheeling through Greyhound Lines. The bus terminal, the Robert C. Wheeling operated streetcars from the s until under the Wheeling Traction Company and Co-operative Transit Company. Buses replaced streetcar operations due to operating costs. The city is served by the Wheeling Ohio County Airport for general aviation and Pittsburgh International Airport for passenger service.
The following neighborhoods exist within the city limits: . Copyright The image is from Wikipedia Commons. Wikipedia Page. Wheeling, West Virginia. See also: Timeline of Wheeling, West Virginia. Buffington , U. Elkins , 19th-century business tycoon Doug Fetherling , writer Walter L. Fisher , U. Gazetteer Files".